However, there are some lifestyle choices that affect fertility that are within our control. In general, what helps overall health can also help with fertility – regular exercise, a balanced diet, and not smoking are all important.
What about alcohol? Can you drink alcohol when you are trying to conceive or are pregnant? If yes, how many? And does past drinking affect your fertility now? We invited a reproductive specialist to measure.Evidence suggests that alcohol abuse can adversely affect fertility in short and long term.
No wonder: if you and your partner are trying to conceive or hope to get pregnant someday, you should avoid heavy drinking. (Actually, everyone should avoid drinking alcohol.)
For clarification, dietary guidelines define moderate drinking as no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men, and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines alcohol abuse as five or more drinks per month (about four cups for women, five cups for men, about two hours).
For women, "there is some evidence that alcohol may lead to changes in cycle regulation and ovulation in context of long-term heavy drinking" and, "some research suggests that chronic heavy drinking may lead to decreased ovarian function. reserve (a small number of eggs).
High alcohol consumption has a similar effect on male fertility. "As a result of excessive alcohol consumption, some studies have shown a decrease in levels of hormones that lead to production of testosterone and sperm."
All of this is to say that if you've ever been an alcoholic, you probably don't need to panic. Theoretically, this can lead to infertility.The good news is that drinking alcohol in moderation will not affect your fertility in long run.
The truth is that we still have a lot to learn about effects of alcohol on reproductive system throughout life.
"Research on physiological impact of alcohol consumption on reproductive physiology has been scarce." However, for most people, there is no strong link between light to moderate alcohol consumption and infertility. a history of moderate drinking is unlikely to affect your chances of conceiving.You can abstain from alcohol during pregnancy, but a small amount of alcohol may be acceptable.
However, you can drink less alcohol during pregnancy. "I advise patients to drink small/moderate amounts of alcohol, but try to keep it to a minimum."
Some experts advise women to avoid alcohol altogether when trying to conceive and during pregnancy "because no 'safe dose' has been established and effects on fetus may begin as early as immediately after implantation." (It is worth noting that this study did not examine effect of alcohol on a woman's ability to conceive, but rather effect of alcohol on a healthy pregnancy.)Don't forget that alcohol is one of many factors that affect fertility.
Another lifestyle factor known to us that affects fertility is smoking. However, influence of other factors is not so simple.
"Diet and exercise are always important when trying to conceive." “However, there is a misconception that if you exercise and eat right, you are less likely to be infertile. Reproductive health is not always related to overall health. In other words, you can do everything “right”, but you will still find it difficult to get pregnant .However, try to drink less when you get back!! !
We just don't know how alcohol affects fertility. Past drinking is unlikely to have a huge impact on your fertility, even if drinking while trying to conceive is normal. However, if you've been trying to conceive for months or years without success, you might want to try abstaining from alcohol first! !