Sudden convulsions, convulsions, foaming at mouth, confusion, etc., these are usually symptoms of "epilepsy"!
What are treatment options for epilepsy once diagnosed? In fact, there are many treatments available, including diet control, epilepsy medication, electrical stimulation, surgery, etc. In any case, all of these "measures" are designed so that you can improve and increase quality of your life.1. Antiepileptic drugs
Your doctor may recommend that you first try "broad-spectrum antiepileptic drugs", which are prescribed by about 7 out of 10 people with epilepsy. Epilepsy drugs, sometimes called antiepileptic or anticonvulsant drugs, change how brain cells work and send messages to each other.
Of course, choice of drug depends on following:
Realize that what works for one person may not work for another, so you may need to "try" many times until you "discover" AED that works best for you.
Secondly, you may need to start with a "low dose" of drug and gradually increase it to avoid developing drug resistance that will affect effectiveness of drug.
Another point is that if you are taking any other types of medications, such as cardiovascular medications, hormonal medications, etc., you should inform your doctor in advance so that interactions between medications are not affected on effectiveness of drug, or even causing adverse effects and effects.
Side effects of antiepileptic drugs
Side effects vary from person to person and can vary in severity. Side effects of common antiepileptic drugs may include following:
More serious side effects may include:
If you experience any of above side effects after taking antiepileptic drugs, tell your doctor right away how to deal with them.
Also, if you haven't had a seizure for at least 2-4 years, your doctor may recommend that you gradually reduce amount and frequency of your medications, or even stop taking antiepileptic medications.2. Diet control
As a meal plan for a person with epilepsy, a doctor may recommend a "ketogenic diet" that is high in fat and low in carbs. The ketogenic diet is often recommended when medications do not help some patients with epilepsy, and may help children or adults.
Side effects of a ketogenic diet may include:
There are two types of neurostimulation:
A. Vagus nerve stimulation. This nerve comes from abdomen --- chest --- neck --- cerebellum, which controls "behavior" that occurs automatically in body, such as heartbeat.
The doctor will place a small device called a vagus nerve stimulator on skin and "wire" it into nerve. This device, which can be adjusted by a neurologist during an appointment to find right setting for you, sends small electrical currents through your nerves.
b. Reciprocal nerve stimulation. This treatment involves surgical implantation of a small device called a neurostimulator. Doctors place it under skull, where brain activity occurs that can trigger a seizure, and when neurostimulator "detects" these "signals," it sends out a small impulse to interrupt "these signals." Not everyone can use this device, it depends on type of epilepsy.4. Surgery
There are two main types of operations:
Surgery. The surgeon removes affected part of brain that is causing seizure. This type of surgery is usually performed when brain lesion that caused seizure is small, well-defined, and when this "brain tissue" is not part of brain that controls speech, movement, vision, or hearing.
Slice operation. Instead of removing brain tissue, surgeon cuts pathways between nerves in the brain that are involved in seizures.This article is a scientific popularization of health knowledge, I hope you enjoy it or comment below comments! If there are any bugs or areas that need improvement, please point it out and criticize! Thank you!