When people think of pelvic floor muscles, it usually happens during pregnancy (or after pregnancy), incontinence, etc. But, believe it or not, pelvic floor is an extremely important part of either gender, regardless whether you've ever had a baby before or not.
The pelvic floor is a thin group of cup-shaped muscles that form lower part of abdomen and pelvis and support pelvic organs, including vagina, uterus, rectum, bladder, and urethra. The pelvic floor is so important for many reasons. First, urethra, vagina, and rectum pass through pelvic floor, and function of these structures is affected by pelvic floor.
Pelvic floor dysfunction talk focuses on "weakness" of pelvic floor, and most common symptoms are urinary or fecal incontinence, and a feeling of heaviness or swelling in vagina. However, it turns out that excessive tension or hypertonicity of pelvic floor muscles can also be accompanied by a host of other symptoms.
All experts who spoke to POPSUGAR agreed that common symptoms of pelvic floor hypertonicity are back pain, difficulty with bladder control or fecal incontinence, and painful or uncomfortable bowel or bladder sensations during XING behavior . Regarding last point, some experts added: XING should not be painful. Pelvic floor dysfunction can lead to painful sexual behavior, vaginismus, diminished or painful sexual orgasms, and postural pain.
Historically, only thing we know about pelvic floor muscles is that tense muscles are good, and relaxed ones are bad. But, as it turned out, this is not entirely true. The emphasis on "strengthening" and "tightening" pelvic floor muscles is often misleading. Most women with pelvic floor muscle insufficiency do not have weak muscles, but they are actually too tight, so they can contract chronically and lose range of motion. Chronically contracted muscles don't work properly because they can't relax or contract well. The goal is to have a strong pelvic floor that can lengthen, relax and contract as it needs to function properly and support body.
Hypertonicity (excessive contraction, tight pelvic floor muscles) has many causes, including extreme stress, emotional states such as anxiety or fear. Many people transfer their emotions to pelvic floor, which can lead to hypertonic, hypertensive conditions that lead to weakening and dysfunction of pelvic floor muscles. This can happen for a number of reasons, such as overexertion of pelvic muscles (such as going to toilet too often, or applying too much or too much pressure), which ultimately leads to poor muscle coordination.
Repetitive exercises (for example, those that focus only on muscle contraction) exercise pelvic floor muscles, which can also lead to pelvic floor imbalance. As an exercise, it is important to be able to contract pelvic floor muscles, but it is also important to be able to relax the pelvic floor.
The goal is to have a strong pelvic floor muscle group that lengthens, lengthens, relaxes, and contracts as needed for normal body function and support.
Usually, women with recurrent bladder infections eventually develop pelvic floor muscle hypertonicity. Every time she urinates, her pelvic floor constricts with pain, and over time, her muscles can remain tense. Another condition is chronic pelvic pain caused by endometriosis. Like a woman with recurrent infections, pain causes her to contract her pelvic muscles to relieve pain, which may actually make her condition worse. Thus, causing excessive muscle tension.
Unfortunately, pelvic floor dysfunction is very common, so if you suspect pelvic floor dysfunction or long-term (chronic) abdominal and pelvic discomfort, it is best to see a doctor.