So for question about "drinking alcohol during pregnancy" we need to find out what percentage of women drink alcohol during pregnancy?
According to results of survey: 1. 6% of women said they never drink alcohol, but 60% of women prefer not to drink alcohol during pregnancy;
2. 25% of respondents said they drank little, about 1-2 glasses of wine per week, but 5% of them drank moderately during pregnancy, drinking 3-6 glasses of wine per week;
3. Only 2.5% of women drink a lot during pregnancy.
Therefore, avoiding alcohol during pregnancy is officially recommended, but early research shows that a group of scientists from University College London, UK, conducted latest study on 11,000 pregnant women. wine, 50 ml of spirits or 473 ml of beer every week without compromising intellectual and behavioral development of child.
A long-term study of over 14,000 participants, which began in 1990s, is currently underway in UK and has followed pregnant women, their partners and their children. The results were as follows: This study also shows that there is little evidence that partner drinking has a direct impact on a child's mental health.
They argue that mothers who choose to drink during pregnancy can have serious consequences. The report says that their children may have a higher risk of developing depression during adolescence.
The study, conducted by researchers at University of Bristol, looked at approximately 14,541 mothers who volunteered to participate in Avon Parent-Child Longitudinal Study (ALSPAC).
Among participants, 4,191 mothers consumed alcohol between 18 and 32 weeks of gestation. The researchers also had data on female partners' drinking habits and incidence of depression among 18-year-olds.
These results are published in an article entitled "Alcoholism: clinical and experimental studies. Children whose mothers drank alcohol during pregnancy may have a higher risk of depression by time they turn 18 than children whose mothers did not drink alcohol during pregnancy. research shows 17% higher.
However, study did not find sufficient evidence that a partner's addiction to alcohol affects depression in their children. They explain that, unlike mothers, partner drinking is unlikely to have a strong biological impact on developing fetus. This suggests that association between maternal alcohol consumption and depression may be coincidental.
Research has shown that children whose mothers drank alcohol at 18 weeks of gestation had a higher risk of depression at 18 years of age than children who did not drink alcohol.
What's really interesting is that they also looked at paternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and found no such association. Many of indirect factors that could explain effects of motherhood are shared between mother and partner (eg, sociodemographic factors), but they also found an association with maternal alcohol consumption only.Therefore, not only for your own physical and mental health, but also for overall health and physical well-being of your children and family, it is recommended to reduce alcohol consumption during pregnancy as much as possible!