Budd-Chiari syndrome is a series of clinical manifestations caused by obstruction of hepatic veins.
Budd-Chiari syndrome is a retrohepatic portal hypertension characterized by hypertension of inferior vena cava caused by an obstructive lesion of superior inferior vena cava from various causes. In acute phase, patient had fever, pain in right hypochondrium, a large amount of peritoneal effusion, jaundice, hepatomegaly, pain in liver, oliguria. The disease is more common in young men, ratio of men and women is approximately (1.2-2):1, age 2.5-75 years, most often - 20-40 years.cause
Any blockage of hepatic venous vessels is called Budd-Chiari syndrome, from venules to right atrium.Signs and symptoms
The syndrome is characterized by rapidly progressive abdominal pain, hepatomegaly (hepatomegaly), ascites, and later symptoms of liver dysfunction: elevated liver enzymes, encephalopathy.
It also recognizes a slowly developing form of hepatic vein occlusion, which may be painless.
Patients are commonly known to have a tendency to form blood clots, and Budd-Chiari syndrome may be first symptom of this tendency.Diagnostics
If Budd-Chiari syndrome is suspected, measure levels of liver enzymes and other organ markers (creatinine, urea, electrolytes, LDH).
Budd-Chiari syndrome is diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound, although sometimes a more invasive method (retrograde angiography) is required. A liver biopsy is sometimes needed to differentiate Budd-Chiari syndrome from other causes of hepatomegaly and ascites, such as galactosemia or Reye's syndrome.address
With anticoagulants such as warfarin.