If you have persistently cold toes, one cause could be poor blood flow, a circulation problem that is sometimes associated with smoking, high blood pressure, or heart disease. Nerve damage due to uncontrolled diabetes can also make your feet feel cold. Other possible causes include hypothyroidism and anemia. Doctors may run a series of tests to find out what underlying problem is.
Pain in legs
If your feet hurt after a long walk, you can blame it on your shoes. After all, 8 out of 10 women say their shoes hurt. But pain that isn't caused by high heels can be caused by a stress fracture, a small crack in bone. One possible reason: Excessive physical activity, especially intense sports such as basketball and long-distance running. In addition, weakened bones due to osteoporosis increase risk.
Red, white and blue toes
Raynaud's disease causes toes to turn white, then blue, then red again, returning to their natural color. The cause is a sudden narrowing of arteries, called vasospasm. Changes in pressure or temperature can cause blood vessel spasms that usually do not cause other health problems. Raynaud's disease can also be associated with rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's disease, or thyroid disease.
The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of long ligament that attaches to heel bone. The pain may be most intense when you first wake up and press on your foot. Arthritis, excessive exercise, and ill-fitting shoes can also cause heel pain, as can tendinitis. Less common causes include bone spurs in bottom of heel, bone infection, swelling, or a fracture.
Abnormal walking posture
Sometimes first sign of a problem is a change in gait - a wider gait or a little resistance. The cause may be slow loss of normal sensation in foot due to damage to peripheral nerves. About 30 percent of these cases are associated with diabetes. Nerve damage can also be caused by infections, vitamin deficiencies, and alcohol abuse. In many cases, no one knows what caused nerve damage. Other possible causes of procrastination include problems with brain, spinal cord, or muscles.
Like a stick, shape of toe changes. The top of nail is more rounded and curves down. Lung disease is most common underlying cause, but heart, liver and digestive diseases or some infections can also be caused.
This is usually a temporary circulatory problem caused by standing or flying for too long, especially if you are pregnant. Conversely, persistently swollen feet can be a sign of a serious medical condition. This can be caused by poor circulation, problems with lymphatic system, or a blood clot. Kidney disease or an underactive thyroid can also cause swelling. If your feet continue to swell, see your doctor.
"burning" in legs
Burning sensation in feet is common in patients with diabetes and peripheral nerve damage. It can also be caused by vitamin B deficiency, athlete's foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in legs and feet (peripheral artery disease), or hypothyroidism.
Sores on feet that do not heal are main symptom of diabetes. Diabetes can impair foot sensation, circulation, and normal wound healing, so even blisters can turn into nasty sores. These ulcers are also susceptible to infection. People with diabetes should wash their feet daily, dry them, and check for wounds. Slow healing of ulcers can also be caused by poor circulation caused by conditions such as peripheral artery disease.
Pain in big toe
Gout is a known cause of sudden pain in big toe joint, as well as redness and swelling (see photo). Osteoarthritis is another culprit that causes pain and swelling. If joint is stiff, it may be hallucinatory stiffness, a complication of arthritis that develops bone spurs. Finally, peat finger is a disease of athletes, especially those who compete on hard surfaces. It is caused by damage to ligaments surrounding joint.
Pain in little toe
If you feel like you're walking on marble, or if you have painful burns on balls of your feet that radiate to your toes, you may have Morton's neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually in third section. and third between four fingers. This situation is 8-10 times higher in women than in men. It is caused by injury or stress on toe.
Take take---fungal infection
Itchy and flaky skin can be a common fungal infection of feet. A reaction to chemicals or skin care products, called contact dermatitis, can also cause itching, redness, and dry patches. If itchy skin on your feet is thick and pimple-like, it could be psoriasis, which is an overreaction of immune system. Ointments can relieve symptoms.
Sudden sharp pain in legs is a sign of muscle spasms or cramps that can last for several minutes. Common causes are overexertion and muscle fatigue. Other causes include poor circulation, dehydration, or imbalanced levels of potassium, magnesium, calcium, or vitamin D in body. Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy or thyroid disorders may play a role. Seek medical attention if seizures are frequent or severe. Strengthening exercises will help relieve muscle fatigue.
Toenails say a lot about your overall health. Fungal infections often cause yellow toenails to thicken. Thick yellow nails can also be a sign of an underlying condition, including lymphedema (swelling associated with lymphatic system), lung problems, psoriasis, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Sometimes nail damage or frequent exposure to petroleum solvents can result in a concave, spoon-shaped nail shape. However, iron deficiency can also cause this unusual morphology.
Injury to nail or disease anywhere on body can lead to white spots on nail. If part or all of nail separates from nail bed (as shown here), it may appear whitish, possibly due to injury, nail infection, or psoriasis. If nail is intact and mostly white, it can sometimes be a symptom of a more serious condition, including liver disease, congestive heart failure, or kidney disease.