The skin protects your body, but that's not all. It is also face that you show to the world. When healthy, it is a source of beauty. The choices you make every day — what you eat, where you go, how you feel — affect how your skin looks. Use this guide to keep your skin young, healthy and wrinkle-free.
1. Pay attention to diet
Do you want good skin? Watch your diet. Higher intake of vitamin C and lower intake of fats and carbohydrates are associated with improved skin appearance with age. Changing your eating habits will improve your appearance. Foods rich in antioxidants such as fish, fruits and vegetables help protect skin. Some research suggests that you can choose complex carbohydrates (such as whole grains and pasta) and healthy protein. Dairy products can also be linked to acne outbreaks.
2. Take vitamins
Your anti-aging cream may contain vitamin C or E. Put these antioxidants to work from within. Eating foods rich in these vitamins, along with mineral selenium, can protect your skin from sun damage. They can even help reverse signs of aging like wrinkles and skin discoloration.
3. Exercise helps prevent skin aging
Exercise benefits every part of your body, including largest organ, your skin. Exercise improves circulation and helps nourish skin. Improved blood flow brings in more oxygen and nutrients and can help your skin produce collagen, which prevents wrinkles. Don't worry about sweating - exercise won't clog pores. Wash your face immediately after exercising and don't wear a tight bandage that can attract sweat and irritate your skin.
4. Have a good rest
Light candle at both ends for a few nights and you will see its reflection on your face: dark circles under eyes, pale skin, puffy eyes. Enjoying 7-8 hours of night will keep your body and skin at its best. The way you sleep also matters - put your face on a pillow for a few years so that you get wrinkles when your skin presses against it. Sleeping on your stomach can exacerbate bags under your eyes. Solution? Sleep on your back.
5. How pregnancy changes skin
Stretches. They appear in 90% of pregnant women. They may disappear after childbirth. Moisturizers can slightly improve appearance of stretch marks. Prescription vitamin A cream or laser therapy may also help, but should not be used during pregnancy. Acne is another common skin problem caused by extra hormones in body. The best option is to wash your face twice a day and use an oil-free moisturizer. Ask your doctor before using any acne product.
6. Avoid chloasma
Some women get dark spots on their face called melasma when they are pregnant or take birth control pills. These dark spots are caused by an increase in melanin, substance that gives skin its color. Melasma usually disappears after childbirth or when pills are stopped. To prevent pigmentation changes, always wear sunscreen and avoid sun exposure. Melasma can also be treated with chemical peels or topical prescription drugs such as hydroquinone, tretinoin, azelaic acid, niacinamide, kojic acid, or hydroxy acids to lighten plaque. But sun exposure should be strictly avoided.
7. Protect your skin from harmful rays
Whether you're a sun worshiper or not, chances are your skin is exposed to sun's rays. About 90% of skin damage is caused by sun. The more time you spend in sun, higher your risk of skin cancer. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen regularly to protect your skin. Look for products that contain zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or vorbenzone. It is best to use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and long sleeves and stay out of sun between 10:00 am and 2:00 pm when sun's rays are at their strongest.
8. How to care for aging skin
Your skin changes as you age. Your body doesn't produce as much collagen, and elastin that allows skin to regenerate becomes weaker. You also don't make or lose skin cells that quickly. To encourage skin aging, exfoliate to remove dead skin, use a non-drying soap, and moisturize frequently. Use over-the-counter retinoids to reduce wrinkles, or ask your doctor about prescription versions, and most importantly, stay out of sun.
9. Do you like coffee?
The caffeine found in coffee and tea dehydrates skin, so it can dry it out. But a study found that when applied topically to skin, caffeine could help reverse sun damage and lower risk of some skin cancers — at least in mice. Now researchers are trying to figure out if local caffeine can protect human skin.
10. It is very important to quit smoking and drinking
Excess alcohol is harmful to both skin and body. Alcohol is a diuretic that causes body to lose water. May cause dry skin. It also dilates blood vessels. That's why people who drink get red faces. Over time, these blood vessels become irreversibly damaged, leaving skin red. Alcohol, especially red wine, can also cause rosacea.
Simply put, smoking is bad for skin: smoking only causes premature wrinkles and dry skin, second only to sun. In fact, wrinkles in a 20-year-old smoker can be seen under a microscope. Smoking reduces blood flow to skin and promotes breakdown of collagen. Less collagen equals more wrinkles. Yes, constantly opening your mouth can also increase wrinkles. You cannot reverse damage, but you can stop it by quitting smoking.
11. I love being clean
Every day your skin is exposed to pollution: cigarette smoke, car exhaust or smoky air. Keep your skin clean and keep your skin healthy. Depending on your skin's needs, you can cleanse your face with a mild soap or cleanser, or exfoliate with a gentle scrub and toner every night to remove dead skin cells, then apply a retinoid cream and moisturizer. (Oily skin still needs moisturizer, look for oil-free products.)
12. Moisturizing and keeping warm
Cold weather and wind can dry out skin and cause flaking, as well as exacerbate eczema and rosacea. It's not just weather outside - dry heat indoors can be harsh on skin too. Fight humidifier at home, drink plenty of water, and use moisturizers throughout day. Remember sunscreen when you go outside.
13. Summer skincare
Do you want to get a tan? Find a safer option: Use a bronzer or sun-free self-care product. (But most sunscreens don't contain sunscreen, so they don't provide sun protection.) Remember to apply broad-spectrum, waterproof sunscreen to all exposed skin every two hours, or use sunscreen more frequently. If your skin is consistently dry, switch to an oil-free moisturizer to avoid breakouts in wet weather. It's a good idea to rinse after swimming to get rid of chlorine on your skin.