You need to understand your operating process, meet and communicate with your medical team, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, etc., and ask them all questions you want to know about operating process, operating risk, operation. time, postoperative recovery time, etc., if you fully understand your surgery, you may not be so afraid!Preoperative:
1. Tell your doctor about your health
Tell your doctor if you have any health problems, including a history of heart or lung disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis or drug allergies, and even a history of drug use.
2. Ask about anesthesia
Whether you need anesthesia during your surgery often depends on type of surgery. If you need anesthesia, you should know before operation whether it will be "local anesthesia" or "general anesthesia", "local anesthesia" will numb area of your operation, and "general anesthesia" will give you general anesthesia. Some types of anesthesia can also be given by inhalation, while others are given by injection or through a vein (IV).
3. Avoid drug interactions
Tell your doctor what medications you are taking. Some cause side effects during procedure. For example, blood thinners and aspirin can put you at risk for excessive bleeding. Your doctor will tell you which medications to take and which to stop before your surgery.
Many supplements such as ginkgo, ginseng, garlic, echinacea, fish oil or vitamins are dangerous to take before surgery. For example, some of them may increase chance of a heart attack or bleeding. Other medications can interfere with duration of anesthesia or mix poorly with other medications, causing unexpected side effects. Your doctor may recommend that you stop taking it 1 to 2 weeks before surgery.
4. Do not eat or drink before surgery
Anesthesia may cause vomiting during or after surgery, and may also affect process or effect of some surgeries, so be sure to follow your doctor's advice on when to eat, when to drink, etc.
5. Check your blood pressure, control your weight and eat right
If you have high blood pressure, remember to monitor it in time and do not forget to tell your doctor if you are taking high blood pressure medication at same time; Eat healthy foods to get nutrition you need to get well. If you are overweight or obese, you may be at a higher risk of complications. Losing weight can help you recover.
6. Infection prevention
Whether before or after surgery, it is very important to prevent infection. This is due to effect of your surgical treatment and postoperative recovery. Of course, doctors should know this and will do it in accordance with standard.After operation:
1. Postoperative pain
When you begin to move after surgery, you may feel pain, pressure, and tension. Your muscles may ache and your throat may feel uncomfortable. Tell your doctor if you need pain medication while you are in hospital. If you are going home after surgery, in addition to medication, you can also choose hot compresses, cold compresses, or massages to help relieve pain and discomfort.
2. Possible complications, such as thrombosis
Some surgeries can increase your chances of developing a dangerous blood clot called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). These viruses can enter lungs and block blood flow, a condition known as a pulmonary embolism. It can be fatal, but prompt treatment can often save your life. Factors that may make you more susceptible to DVT include older age, being overweight, smoking, medical conditions such as cancer or previous blood clots, and certain medications.
3. Guardians are very important
You may need help after surgery, so ask your family and friends to "help you" and take care of you. This is time when you need care and help. Close to loved ones you will be warmer at heart, which also helps your recovery.
4. Wear loose clothing
During recovery from surgery, it can sometimes be difficult to change clothes. If your surgery is affecting your movement, look for soft, loose-fitting clothing that is easy to put on and take off. Pants with an elastic waist or a loose fit and a button-down shirt rather than a pullover may be easier to wear.
5. Change your lifestyle
People with a healthy lifestyle usually tolerate surgery better. Ask your doctor what can help you recover faster from surgery and how you can minimize pain, discomfort, and unnecessary complications.
6. Quit smoking and drinking
Smoking increases risk of infection and other surgical complications both before and after surgery. "Withdrawal" before surgery can also help you recover faster. It is good to quit smoking at least 4 weeks before surgery. It is even better to extend this period to 10 weeks or more. Nicotine replacement therapy and support groups are just a few ways to help you quit smoking more easily.
Drinking alcohol can have an unpredictable effect on anesthesia and cause other problems such as excessive bleeding or liver damage. Be honest with your doctor about how much and how often you drink. Ask if you should abstain from alcohol or at least drink less to reduce risk of surgical complications.
Doing this before and after surgery can help you recover faster. Regardless of your activity level, talk to your doctor. It can help you learn how to exercise safely before and after surgery.