Diabetes increases risk of dental problems. This can damage your ability to fight bacteria in your mouth. High blood sugar promotes growth of bacteria that can lead to gum disease. If you have:
1. Control your diabetes and keep smiling
Well-controlled diabetes can help keep your mouth healthy. If your blood sugar is poorly controlled or high, you are more likely to develop dry mouth, gum disease, tooth loss, and fungal infections such as thrush. Since infections can also cause blood sugar levels to spike, your diabetes can become more difficult to control. Keeping your mouth healthy can help you control your blood sugar levels.
2. Visit your dentist regularly
People with diabetes are more likely to develop oral infections. You should have dental checkups at least twice a year. Tell your dentist that you have diabetes and what medications you are taking. Regular checkups and professional cleanings will help keep your mouth healthy. Your dentist can teach you best ways to care for your teeth and gums at home.
3. Tartar damage
After eating, plaque from food, saliva and bacteria begins to accumulate on teeth, releasing acids that destroy enamel. Untreated plaque can turn into tartar that builds up under gums and is difficult to remove with dental floss. The longer it sits on teeth, the more harmful. Bacteria in plaque can cause inflammation and lead to gum disease. High blood sugar can aggravate gum disease.
4. Brush your teeth on time
Brushing your teeth twice a day not only keeps your breath fresh, it also helps to remove plaque-forming bacteria and infections from your mouth. To properly brush your teeth, aim bristles at a 45-degree angle towards your gums. Gently move back and forth across your teeth—front, back, chewing surface—for two minutes. If you find it difficult to hold a toothbrush, try an electric toothbrush. Also brush your gums and tongue.
5. Floss every day
Helps control plaque. The floss can reach places a toothbrush can't reach, such as between teeth. Do this daily and use an American Dental Association (ADA)-sealed floss and interdental cleaner. If you don't know how to floss, ask your dentist for advice. Like everything else, practice makes things easier.
Use an antiseptic mouthwash daily. It freshens breath, removes debris from mouth, and helps prevent gum disease and plaque formation. Talk to your doctor about best gargle and gargle method for you.
7. Pay attention to dentures
Loose or poorly maintained dentures can lead to gum irritation and infection. It is important to tell your dentist about any changes, discomfort or discomfort in your dentures. If you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk of fungal infections such as thrush. Poor denture care can also lead to thrush. Remove and clean dentures daily to reduce risk of infection.
8. Quit smoking
Tobacco products - cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco and pipes - are harmful to mouth. However, if you have diabetes and smoke, you are more likely to develop gum disease. Tobacco damages tissues and causes gum recession. It also accelerates bone and tissue loss. Motivate yourself to quit smoking. List your reasons for quitting, set a date, and enlist support of family and friends.
9. Preparing for surgery
Good blood sugar control reduces chance of infection and speeds up healing. If you need oral surgery, tell your dentist and surgeon ahead of time that you have diabetes. Your doctor may recommend that you wait until your blood sugar is under control before having surgery.
Finally, 4 steps to protecting your health
The same steps you take to maintain oral health can help you manage your diabetes.