In clinical work, children most commonly suffer from "upper respiratory tract infections" such as bronchitis, pneumonia, etc., as well as "digestive tract problems ". such as diarrhea, gastroenteritis, etc.
Here I will focus on promoting some issues related to diseases of gastrointestinal tract.
1. Bloating (pain)
Everyone gets gas from time to time, for example, if they eat too much, drink too much, etc., and children are no exception, especially when they eat beans, sodas and other bloated, gas-filled foods and beverages. After that, bloating will occur naturally. There are frequent cases of bloating in children, and they turn to clinic mainly because of discomfort and pain of bloating. Of course, overeating, eating too many beans, or drinking too much cola can cause flatulence and discomfort, and constipation can also cause stomach pain. This will be explained later here.
2. Acid reflux
If your child has frequent vomiting or heartburn, this is due to reflux of food (stomach acid) from stomach cavity into esophagus, and stomach contents are acidic and corrosive, which can cause a number of clinical manifestations, especially after overeating or eating too much before bedtime, if child has acid reflux, it is recommended not to eat too much at each meal, and not to lie down immediately after eating. If acid reflux and vomiting occur frequently, it is recommended to go to hospital to find out causes.
3. (Gastroenteritis) viral and bacterial infections
Bacteria and viruses can damage a child's gastrointestinal tract, and children can become sick from eating food that has not been properly washed or thoroughly cooked. It can cause stomach upset, fever, diarrhea, or vomiting. Viruses that are passed between children are also a common source of diarrhea. Help protect your children by following food safety guidelines, wash your hands frequently, discourage food sharing, keep them away from sick children, and avoid cross-contamination.
If your child has diarrhea more than three times a day, it's called diarrhea. Diarrhea can be caused by many factors, such as bacterial and viral infections, but others include food allergies and side effects of certain medications. Mild non-pathological diarrhea usually resolves within a day or two without treatment. However, if your child's diarrhea lasts longer or even shows signs of dehydration (such as dry skin, chapped lips, lethargy, decreased urination, or even lethargy), seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Vomiting, like diarrhea, can be caused by many things, but a viral infection is usually culprit. In most cases, vomiting goes away within a day or two without any treatment. It is also important to monitor your child for signs of dehydration. If your child has a fever or rash, or other signs of dehydration, first thing to do is to see a doctor.
Abdominal pain can often be associated with constipation. Constipation can occur if children deliberately skip toilet, don't drink enough water, or eat a diet rich in dairy products. Constipation can also be a side effect of certain medications or a low-fiber diet. Treatment for constipation may include laxatives and dietary changes. If your child's constipation does not go away for more than a week, or if your child has other symptoms such as fever, vomiting, or severe bloody stools, contact your doctor immediately.
7. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Does your child often have stomach pains? Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can cause abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. Doctors aren't sure what causes IBS, but it could have something to do with gut sensitivity. Children with IBS usually experience abdominal pain at least one day a week for at least a few months. IBS is treated with a combination of medications, dietary changes, and mood management.
8. (Other rare cases) lactose intolerance
Does your child have cramps, nausea, or diarrhea shortly after drinking or eating dairy products? If this happens regularly within 30 minutes to 2 hours of drinking milk, soft cheese, or ice cream, you may be lactose intolerant. This means that child's body cannot digest lactose, go to pediatric hospital to talk to doctor, of course it is not curable, but changing his eating habits can be very helpful.
9. How to choose complementary foods after problems with gastrointestinal tract?
If your child is vomiting, eat a liquid diet for about 8 hours. Give her a sip of water or an electrolyte solution. After that, give her small amounts of light food such as rice, bread, bananas, and crackers. Return to normal eating within 24 hours, but try to avoid spicy or fatty foods for a few days. Children with diarrhea who do not vomit can usually continue to eat normally, but make sure your child is drinking enough fluids to stay hydrated.
10. The importance of hydration
When children vomit or have diarrhea, they can quickly become dehydrated with symptoms such as high fever, dry mouth, inactivity, and infrequent urination. You can help your child stay hydrated by giving them water, broth, fruit juice mix, or oral rehydration solutions.This article is a scientific popularization of knowledge about health, I hope you enjoy it or comment below comments!