Arteriosclerosis can lead to stiffness of vessel wall, stenosis or even occlusion of vessel lumen, and then distal blood-supplying tissues will suffer from ischemia, hypoxia and even infarction.
Atherosclerosis is common, unpredictable, and potentially fatal. Thus, regardless of age, certain measures should be taken to slow down development of atherosclerosis.Prevention of atherosclerosis: 20 to 30 years
At this age, few people develop complications of atherosclerosis. However, studies show that process of hardening of arteries begins in 20s and even earlier. In these studies, risk factors were important: people with obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or smoking had previously had atherosclerosis.
The key part here is to develop a good habit and keep doing it until it becomes a habit!
Exercise. Keep doing sports, no matter how big or small, such as walking, running, cycling, swimming, climbing stairs, even housework (wiping, mopping etc.), etc.), even gardening (digging, planting, etc.), can help you prevent atherosclerosis well and help you avoid risk of atherosclerosis. Keep exercising until it becomes part of your life, a habit. What's more, there are more benefits to exercise than you might think.
Diet. A healthy diet is also very important for your physical and mental health, not just your blood vessels. Eat vegetables and fruits, get enough vitamins, eat more high-protein foods, avoid high-fat and high-sugar foods, and maintain a healthy weight.Prevention of atherosclerosis: at 40 and 50 years old
The rate of progression of atherosclerosis accelerates in middle age, and therefore risk reduction should be approached.
Risk factors (high blood pressure or cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity and smoking) have become extremely important over years. After age of 40, everyone should pay attention to their physical and mental health and not forget about regular medical check-ups. Look for warning signs in your body early.
Going in for sports: if you didn’t like sports before and haven’t done hard physical exercises for a long time, then don’t rush to start, take your time, start over :
a. Take your time and walk for 30 minutes a day.
b. Climb up stairs. Go up once or go down twice.
c. At grocery store, park at end of parking lot and walk.
d. Take an extra lap around mall before heading home.
Diet. Ask each member of your family to choose their favorite (or least hated) vegetable. Take turns checking each person's favorite foods while eating. Add fruit salad, and you can reduce risk of atherosclerosis.
Eat less red meat and keep portions of meat to a minimum. Skinless, lean poultry is a good choice.
Never make excuses: "At my age, changing my lifestyle won't change anything." In fact, leading a healthy lifestyle in middle age can reduce your risk of dying from atherosclerosis by two-thirds.Prevention of atherosclerosis: at 60
The days before and after retirement should be a time to have fun. But it's also time to focus on health risks. For both men and women, leading threat is atherosclerosis.
The frequency of atherosclerotic complications increases dramatically after 65 years of age. For example, 85% of atherosclerosis deaths occur in this age group. But you can still greatly reduce this risk by making changes to your daily routine.
Risk factors. Many people in this age group require medication for treatment. For high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels, these drugs have a profound effect, significantly reducing risk of atherosclerosis.
Studies show that many people take unnecessary risks when taking cholesterol-lowering drugs months after they stop taking them. So don't stop taking your medication lightly and stick to your treatment plan.
Exercise. As we age, benefits of exercise are greater than ever. But at this time, try to avoid strenuous exercises and focus on light and slow exercises; take a walk, massage your shoulders and pat your legs.Prevention of atherosclerosis: for all ages
The single best way to reduce your risk of atherosclerosis at any age is to not smoke! If you smoke, don't forget to stop smoking in time, quitting smoking is never too late, not only for your physical and mental health, but also for physical and mental health of your family, friends and colleagues.